Manifesto

of Freedom and Democracy for Vietnam in 2006

by 118 Vietnamese fighters in Vietnam

English version by Viet Si & Rev. Phan Van Loi

Vietnam, April 8th, 2006

Dear respected our fellow-countrymen inside and outside Vietnam :

            We, the undersigned, representatives of hundreds of democratic fighters in Vietnam and all people who are craving for an authentic Democracy for our beloved Mother Land, Vietnam, unanimously declare :

I- Real situations of Vietnam

In the Revolution of August 1945, the choice of all Vietnamese was National Independence, not Socialism. The Declaration of Independence dated September 2nd, 1945 by Ho Chi Minh did not mention a single word about Socialism or Communism. Two main causes that made that August Revolution successful were the People’s Aspiration for National Independence and The gap of power in Vietnam during that time (The French colonists were unseated from power by Japanese on March 9th, 1945 and the Japanese surrendered the Allied Force on August 15th, 1945).    

            Obviously, the objective of that August Revolution has been maliciously exchanged by the Comnunist Party. And naturally, the Right of Self-Determination for Vietnamese people has been totally abolished. There were, at least, two historic opportunities in North Vietnam in 1954 and in whole Vietnam in 1975 for all Vietnamese people to execute their Right of Self-Determination. But all this has never been implemented by the malicious Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV). Because when the dictatorship of the proletariat is etablished, according to Lenin, its very first function is Violence, Terrorism and Suppression.

            2- On September 2nd, 1945 in Ha Noi. Ho Chi Minh, President of the Provisional Government of Democratic and Republic Vietnam solemnly declared to the Vietnamese People and to the whole world: “Everybody is born equal. The Creator gives them rights which cannot be violated by anybody. Of these rights, there are the right to live, right to be free and right to seek happiness. That immortal statement is in the Declaration of Independence of the U.S. in 1776 : Generalized, it means that every People in the world have been born equal, have right to live, right to seek happiness and right to be free. The Declaration of Human and Civil Rights of the French Revolution in 1791 also says : “People are born free and equal in interests and are always granted freedom and equality in interests”. This is the Righteousness which cannot be refused by anybody” (Excerpts of Vietnam Declaration of Independence dated September 2nd, 1945).

            However, all these sacred Rights of the Vietnamese People have been trampled  brazenly immediately after the communist  government had been formed.

            3- In February, 1951, the Manisfestation of the Labor Party of Vietnam (currently the CPV) in the Second General Assembly stated : “The Party’s Ideology is Marxism-Leninism”.  And the party’s Regulations, section objective and guiding principles clearly stated : “The Labor Party of Vietnam utilizes Marxism, Engelism, Leninism, Stalinism and Mao Tse Tung’s thoughts, combined with realities of Vietnamese  Revolution, as foundation of thoughts and lodestar for all the Party’s actions…”

            Since then, especially in North Vietnam after 1954 and in the whole nation after April 30, 1954, the phantom of communism always has depressed and haunted Vietnamese People’s minds.  It is that phantom, not any other things, has destroyed almost Vietnamese People’s Rights.  And today, that phantom is still temporarily occupying in both spirit and physical aspects of the whole Vietnamese People.

II- Universal Rule

History has proven that all rights of freedom and democracy under any totalitarian government, whether communist or not, have been mercilessly trampled, differently only in degrees. Unfortunately, Vietnam is still one of the nations in the world which has been governed by the totalitarian communist regime.  It is, in fact, reflected in the fourth article of the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam of 1992: “The CPV…following Marxism-Leninism and Ho Chi Minh’s Thoughts, is force leading the government and the society”. Therefore, the People’s rights of freedom and democracy have been completely abolished. Only exist some broken tiny pieces of theses.

            2- It is this power-system which never accepts competition and replacement has strongly pushed up the momentum of backwardness and degeneration of the whole system.  Because there are no regulations and principles for fair competitions on political arena, therefore, the people cannot select the fittest persons and political forces after the elections. Hence, the leadership and management machine have been more and more corrupted and dismantled from central to local government. Consequently Vietnam today has become a nation lagged far behind in comparison with other nations in the area and on the world. The national shame and other nationwide disasters are extremely difficult to be wiped out.  The issue of all issues and the cause of all causes is that : the CPV, is the sole political force who assumes the leadership in our country. The realities have proven that countries fallen in the orbit of communism all have been devastated tragically.  Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), the cradle of Communism, and other socialist nations in Eastern Europe, have been bravely overcome themselves to find the right way for their People.   

            3- We all understand : Nobody can correct history, but can redirect history. And the most important thing is with historical lessons, we can make a good orientation for the future. The past way of our people has been hastily and immaturely chosen by the CPV which imposed it with force on our People. That way has been proven totally wrong by reality. Therefore, today, we, Vietnamese People, have to choose again the way for all of us. And surely, the choice of the whole People will be better than the choice of one single person or a group of persons.  The CPV is only a part of Vietnamese People, therefore, it cannot assume wrongfully the People’s name to make the choice.  Before the People and History throughout over half of the past century (1954-2006), that party in power has usurped the name and has never the righteousness. The simple reason is the truthfully free elections never have been existed in Vietnam.

            From the situation and rule above-mentioned, with the responsibility consciousness of citizens before the destiny of our beloved country, we beg to make known our thoughts to our fellow-countrymen inside and outside Vietnam, as follows :  

III – Goals, methods and meanings of the fight

The most lofty goal in the fight for Freedom and Democracy for our People today is to replace completely the current political regime, not to renovate it partially or only to “adjust” it pettily. Concretely, the current unitary, one-party political regime, without competiton on political area, must be converted to a pluralist, multiparty political regime, with wholesome competition, to meet our Country’s legitimate demands. In which the three powers system : Legislative, Executive and Judiciary have to be clearly separated, in accordance with international standards and experience of the humanity from the costly and successful democracies.

            The concrete goal is to re-establish the basic rights for the whole People as follows:

            – Freedom of Speech in accordance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, voted by the United Nations on December 16, 1966 and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam has signed up to participate on September 24, 1982, article 19, 2: “Everyone shall have the right to freedom of expression; this right shall include freedom to seek, receive and impart information and ideas of all kinds, regardless of frontiers, either orally, in writing or in print, in the form of art, or through any other media of his choice” . It means political parties, organizations and individuals have rights to freedom of speech via newspapers, radio stations, televisions, and any other mass media without the permission of the government.     

            – Freedom of meeting, creating associations and political parties, of voting and standing for election in accordance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,article 25 : “Every citizen shall have the right and the opportunity… (a) to take part in the conduct of public affairs, directly or through freely chosen representatives ; (b) To vote and to be elected at genuine periodic elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret ballot, guaranteeing the free expression of the will of the electors”. It means political parties of all tendencies compete fairly in an authentic pluralist, poly-party democracy. 

            – Freedom of organising trade unions and of striking legitimately in accordance with the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, voted by the United Nations on December 16, 1966 and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam has signed up to participate on September 24, 1982, article 7 and 8 :“The States Parties to the present Covenant recognize the right of everyone to the enjoyment of just and favourable conditions of work…             The right of everyone to form trade unions and join the trade union of his choice, subject only to the rules of the organization concerned, for the promotion and protection of his economic and social interests….(with) the right to strike”. These trade unions must be the sole organisations with independent activities; there must not be kinds of trade unions watcher-aides of the government.

            – Freedom of religion according to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, article 18 : “Everyone shall have the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. This right shall include freedom to have or to adopt a religion or belief of his choice, and freedom, either individually or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in worship, observance, practice and teaching”. These religions must be independent in theirs activities and cannot be transformed into instruments of the government.   

Method of this fight is peace and non-violence. And it is Vietnamese People who takes the initiative in carrying out this fight. However, we profoundly appreciate the passionate and increasingly efficient support of our friends around the world.  Via the modern means of communication and the increasingly open international relations, we will find all means to help our fellow-countrymen to complete their knowledge. Once having a clear and correct knowledge, the people will act appropriately and effectively.

            3- The meaning of this fight is to make “Righteousness wins Wrongness”, progress wins backwardness, the People’s forces which are applying correctly the principles of life and trends of our time win the evil forces which are trying to counteract these trends and principles. The CPV is whether going along with the Vietnamese people or not, that depends on the degree whether the CPV is objective, fair, lucid and humble enough to accept the principles of fair competition. Only the one-party political regime must be permanently and definitely buried in the grave of the past. Since then, the People will find out the best persons and parties after each election to lead our nation. The principle “The Righteousness triumphs !” will be established and individual life will become much better, society will become more human and our fellow-contrymen will live together much more friendly.   

            We sincerely wish this Declaration will encourage positive contributions from our fellow-contrymen inside and outside Vietnam and the support of our friends around the world. We profoundly thank and call on the United Nations, the Congresses/Parliaments, the Governments, the International Organizations and our friends worldwide to continue supporting passionately and effectively this just fight, contributing to help our Vietnamese Fatherland soon to go along with other civilized , ethical, prosperous and free nations in the international community.

Jointly declared and signed in Vietnam on April 8th, 2006

1. Bs Nguyễn Xuân An, Huế

2. Gv Đặng Hoài Anh, Huế

3. Gv Đặng Văn Anh, Huế

4. Bs. Lê Hoài Anh, Nha Trang

5. Gs Nguyễn Kim Anh, Huế

6. Gs Nguyễn Ngọc Anh, Đà Nẵng

7. Nv Trịnh Cảnh, Vũng Tàu

8. Lm F.X. Lê Văn Cao, Huế

9. Gv Lê Cẩn, Huế

10. Lm Giuse Hoàng Cẩn, Huế

11. Gv Trần Thị  Minh Cầm, Huế

12. Lm Giuse Nguyễn Văn Chánh, Huế

13.Gv Nguyễn Thị Linh Chi, Cần Thơ

14. Gs Hoàng Minh Chính, Hà Nội

15.Gv Nguyễn Viết Cử, Quảng Ngãi

16. Ths Đặng Quốc Cường, Huế

17. Nv Nguyễn Đắc Cường, Phan Thiết

18. Dn Hồ Ngọc Diệp, Đà Nẵng

19. Gv Trần Doãn, Quảng Ngãi

20. Lê Thị Phú Dung, Sài Gòn

21. Gv Hồ Anh Dũng, Huế

22. Gs Trương Quang Dũng, Huế

23. Bs Hà Xuân Dương, Huế

24. Cựu Đại tá Phạm Quế Dương, Hà Nội

25. Ls Nguyễn Văn Đài, Hà Nội

26. Kt Trần Văn Đón, Phan Thiết

27. Bs Hồ Đông, Vĩnh Long

28. Lm Phêrô Nguyễn Hữu Giải, Huế

29. Dn Trần Văn Ha, Đà Nẵng

30. Gv Lê Thị Bích Hà, Cần Thơ

31. Bs Lê Thị  Ngân Hà, Huế

32. Gv Lê Nguyễn Xuân Hà, Huế

33. Vũ Thuý Hà, Hà Nội

34. Ks Đỗ Nam Hải, Sài Gòn

35. Gv Trần Thạch Hải, Hải Phòng

36. Kt Trần Việt Hải, Vũng Tàu

37. Ks Đoàn Thị Diệu Hạnh, Vũng Tàu

38. Dn Nguyễn Thị Hạnh, Đà Nẵng

39. Gv Phan Thị Minh Hạnh, Huế

40. Gs Đặng Minh Hảo, Huế

41. Nv Trần Hảo, Vũng Tàu

42. Nv Trần Mạnh Hảo, Sài Gòn

43. Gv Lê Lệ Hằng, Huế

44. Lm Giuse Nguyễn Đức Hiểu, Bắc Ninh

45. Yt Chế Minh Hoàng, Nha Trang

46. Gv Văn Đình Hoàng, Huế

47. Gv Lê Thu Minh Hùng, Sài Gòn

48. Gs Nguyễn Minh Hùng, Huế

49. Lm Gk Nguyễn Văn Hùng, Huế

50. Gv Phan Ngọc Huy, Huế

51. Gv Lê Thị Thanh Huyền, Huế

52. Gv Đỗ Thị Minh Hương, Huế

53. Ths Mai Thu Hương, Hải Phòng

54. Yt Trần Thu Hương, Đà Nẵng

55. PTs Nguyễn Ngọc Kế, Huế

56. Gs Nguyễn Chính Kết, Sài Gòn

57. Ths Nguyễn Quốc Khánh, Huế

58. Gv Nguyễn Đăng Khoa, Huế

59. Gs Trần Khuê, Sài Gòn

60. Cựu Thiếu tá Vũ Kính, Hà Nội

61. Nv Bùi Lăng, Phan Thiết

62. Gv Tôn Thất Hoàng Lân, Sài Gòn

63. Hội trưởng PGHHTT Lê Quang Liêm, SGN

64. Bs Vũ Thị Hoa Linh, Sài Gòn

65. Lm  G.B. Nguyễn Cao Lộc, Huế

66. Lm Phêrô Phan Văn Lợi, Huế

67. Gv Ma Văn Lựu, Hải Phòng

68. Gv Nguyễn Văn Lý, Hải Phòng

69. Lm Tađêô Nguyễn Văn Lý, Huế

70. Gv Cái Thị Mai, Hải Phòng

71. Gv Cao Thị Xuân Mai, Huế

72. Gv Nguyễn Văn Mai, Sài Gòn

73. Nv Hà Văn Mầu, Cần Thơ

74. Gv Phan Văn Mậu, Huế

75. Nv Lê Thị Thu Minh, Cần Thơ

76. Gv Ma Văn Minh, Huế

77. Gv Nguyễn Anh Minh, Sài Gòn

78. Bs Huyền Tôn Nữ Phương Nhiên, Đà Nẵng

79. Bùi Kim Ngân, Hà Nội

80. Ths Đặng Hoài Ngân, Huế

81. Lm G.B. Lê Văn Nghiêm, Huế

82. Gv Lê Hồng Phúc, Hải Phòng

83. Lm Đa Minh Phan Phước, Huế

84. Ks Võ Lâm Phước, Sài Gòn

85. Lm Giuse Cái Hồng Phượng, Huế

86. Ms Nguyễn Hồng Quang, Sài Gòn

87. Ks Tạ Minh Quân, Cần Thơ

88. Lm Augustinô Hồ Văn Quý, Huế

89. Lm Giuse Trần Văn Quý, Huế

90. Bs Võ Văn Quyền, Vĩnh Long

91. Bs. Trần Thị Sen, Nha Trang

92. Cư sĩ PGHHTT Lê Văn Sóc, Vĩnh Long

93. Ks Hoàng Sơn, Hải Phòng

94. Lm Phaolô Ngô Thanh Sơn, Huế

95. Gs Nguyễn Anh Tài, Đà Nẵng

96. Ks Đỗ Hồng Tâm, Hải Phòng

97. Bs. Tạ Minh Tâm, Cần Thơ

98. Gs Nguyễn Thành Tâm, Huế

99. Ms Phạm Ngọc Thạch, Sài Gòn

100. Gv Nguyễn Bình Thành, Huế

101. Gv Văn Bá Thành, Huế

102. Cư sĩ PGHHTT Nguyễn Văn Thơ, Đ. Tháp

103. Ths Trần Mạnh Thu, Hải Phòng

104. Gs Ts Trần Hồng Thư, Sài Gòn

105. Nhà văn Hoàng Tiến, Hà Nội

106. Cựu Sĩ quan Trần Dũng Tiến, Hà Nội

107. Lm Têphanô Chân Tín, Sài Gòn

108. Gv Nguyễn Khắc Toàn, Hà Nội

109. Nv Tôn Nữ Minh Trang, Phan Thiết

100. Gv Chế Thị Hồng Trinh, Huế

111. Bs Nguyễn Anh Tú, Đà Nẵng

112. Bs Đoàn Minh Tuấn, Sài Gòn

113. Gv Lê Trí Tuệ, Hải Phòng

114. Yt Trần Thị Hoài Vân, Nha Trang

115. Gv Ngô Thị Tường Vi, Quảng Ngãi

116. Gv Nguyễn Lê Xuân Vinh, Cần Thơ

117. Ths Hồ Ngọc Vĩnh, Đà Nẵng

118. Ks Lâm Đình Vĩnh, Sài Gòn  

Democratic Fighters inside and outside Vietnam sign up to participate :

119. Chiến sĩ DC Việt Sĩ – San Jose, USA

120. Mục sư Ngô Hoài Nở, Sài Gòn

121. Lm Nguyên Thanh, USA

122. Trần Đan Tâm, nhà giáo, London

123. Giang Nguyễn, kỹ sư, London

124. Mai Nguyễn, giáo viên, London

125. Nguyễn Mai Giang Vân, kỹ sư, London

126. Mai Thị Vân, y tá, London

127. Ngọc Trần, sinh viên, TP London

128. Quân Trần, sinh viên Oxford

129. Trần Nam, kỹ sư, Washington, USA

130. Nguyễn T. Khương, bác sĩ

131. Peter Tôn Thất, tiến sĩ, London

132. Trần Văn Đơn, công nhân, Manchester

133. Đỗ Sung, hưu trí, TP Leicester

134. Cường Phạm, MSc. Birmingham

135. Nguyễn Phượng, giáo sư, Birmingham

136. Phạm Luy, thương gia, Birmingham

137.NguyễnVănPhương,côngnhân,Birmingham

138. Lê Thanh Lập, hưu trí, Birmingham

139.NguyễnVăn Tân, tiểu thương, Birmingham

140. Trang Thế Khương (Trà Bồng), Australia

141. Đinh Xuân Long, Linh mục, USA

142. Đinh Xuân Tâm, Linh mục, Đức quốc

143. Trần Xuân Tâm, Linh mục, USA

144. Trần Quý Thiện, Linh mục, USA

146. Nguyễn Hữu Lễ, Linh mục, New Zealand

146. Nguyễn Minh Cần, Nga

147. Bùi Tín, Paris

148. Vũ Thư Hiên

149. Nguyễn Chí Thiện, Thi sĩ, Pháp

150. LS Lâm Lễ Trinh

151. LS Nguyễn Hữu Thống

152. TS Võ Nhân Trí

153. GS Tôn Thất Thiện

154. BS Nguyễn Tường Bách

155. TS Âu Dương Thệ

156. GS Vũ Thiện Hân

157. Thẩm Phán Phan Quang Tuệ

158. GS Đỗ Quý Toàn

159. BS Nguyễn Tiến Cảnh

160. KS Đỗ Như Điện

161. KS Lê Minh Nguyên

162. GS Nguyễn Thanh Trang

163. LS Nguyễn Quốc Lân

164. Ts Hoàng Tư Duy

165. KS Đoàn Việt Trung

166. Ts Lữ Anh Thư

167. KS Trần Quốc Dũng

168. Nv Trương Anh Thụy

169. Nv Chu Bá Yến

170. Nv Đinh Quang Anh Thái

171. Trần Việt Hải

172. HT Thích Nguyên An

173. TT Thích Nguyên Trí

174. MS Đặng Ngọc Báu.

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